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剑桥雅思大作文启示录(剑8)

2017-03-29 11:58
摘要:以下就是100留学为大家整理的剑桥雅思大作文启示录(剑8)。希望对各位考生的备考有所帮助:

  以下就是100留学为大家整理的剑桥雅思大作文启示录(剑8)。希望对各位考生的备考有所帮助:

  剑8(4套)

  C8T1

  Some people think that parents should teach children how to be good members of society. Others, however, believe that school is the place to learn this.

  Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

  C8T2

  Nowadays the way many people interact with each other has changed because of technology.

  In what ways has technology affected the types of relationships people make?

  Has this become a positive or negative development?

  C8T3

  Increasing the price of petrol is the best way to solve growing traffic and pollution problems.

  To what extent do you agree or disagree?

  What other measures do you think might be effective?

  C8T4

  In some countries the average weight of people is increasing and their levels of health and fitness are decreasing.

  What do you think are the causes of these problems and what measures could be taken to solve them?

  与剑7不同,剑8大作文的题干长度恢复到正常状态。但是剑8作文题目最大的特征体现在“综合”两个字上。比如(C8T2)In what ways has technology affected the types of relationships people make? Has this become a positive or negative development?,这就相当于report类型+agree类型。再比如

  (C8T3)To what extent do you agree or disagree? What other measures do you think might be effective?,相当于考察agree类型+report类型中的solutions分析。所以要求考生对每种类型作文的结构“必须”非常熟悉,才能灵活地应用到这种综合类的作文。

  此外,C8T1告诉我们discuss类型仍需给予一定的关注,C8T4也提醒考生注意report类型结构(即:开头——原因分析——解决方案——结尾)。其中C8T1还给出了满分的考官范文,虽然说考官的范文很难学习很难模仿,但是单从语言的角度来讲,孩子们还是可以获得很多语料上的积累,尤其是表达的地道性方面。那么如何利用考官范文提升自己的地道表达能力呢?给我个机会,我讲给你听。

  step1:用正常的中文翻译考官范文

  step2:根据自己翻译的中文做汉译英练习

  step3:对照原文,详细分析差异出现的原因

  step4:保留修改痕迹和差异分析,作为复习重点内容。

  所有着四个步骤只为达到一个目的,就是尽可能找到中英表达上的差异,并习惯性地灵活转换。所以孩子们给自己点时间和计划多多积累native speakers写的好文章。

  注意哦!!!以下给出实际操作的范例:  混合类

  剑8T3

  Increasing the price of petrol is the best way to solve growing traffic and pollution problems.

  To what extent do you agree or disagree?

  What other measures do you think might be effective?

  MODEL ANSWER

  There is no doubt that traffic and pollution from vehicles have become the huge problems, both in cities and on motorways everywhere. Solving these problems is likely to need more than a simple rise in the price of petrol. (39)

  毋庸置疑,交通工具所带来的交通和污染问题已经在城市和机动车道上造成了不小的困扰。解决这些问题不能只靠单纯地提升油价来实现。

  While it is undeniable that private car use is one of the main causes of the increase in traffic and pollution, higher fuel costs are unlikely to limit the number of drivers for long. As this policy would also affect the cost of the public transport, it would be very unpopular with everyone who needs to travel on the roads. But there are various other measures that could be implemented that would have a huge effect on these problems. (79)

  虽然私家车的使用无疑是造成拥堵和污染的主要原因之一,但是更高的油价也不可能长期抑制私家车主的数量。而且因为这种方法也会影响到公共交通价格,所以并不适合每个需要出行的人。然而,还是有很多对此有显著效果的其他办法的。

  I think to tackle the problem of pollution, cleaner fuel need to be developed. The technology is already available to produce electric cars that would be both quieter and cleaner to use. Persuading manufacturers and traveler to adopt this new technology would be more effective strategy for improving air quality, especially in cities.(53)

  However, traffic congestion will not be solved by changing the type of private vehicle people can use. To do this, we need to improve the choice of public transport services available to travelers. For example, if sufficient sky trains and underground trains systems were built and effectively maintained in our major cities, then traffic on the roads would be dramatically reduced. Long-distance train and coach services should be made attractive and affordable alternatives to driving your own car for long journeys.(81)

  In conclusion, I think that long-term traffic and pollution reductions would depend on educating the public to use public transport more, and on governments using public money to construct and run efficient systems.(33)

  285 words

  仅以前两段为例,剩余部分请孩子们自己来练练手。

  step1:翻译成正常的中文

  step2:将翻译好的汉语翻译成“自己的”英语,此处以第二段为例:

  虽然私家车的使用无疑是造成拥堵和污染的主要原因之一,但是更高的油价也不可能长期抑制私家车主的数量。而且因为这种方法也会影响到公共交通价格,所以并不适合每个需要出行的人。然而,还是有很多对此有显著效果的其他办法的。

  Although one of the main reasons of traffic jam and pollution is the use of private cars, it is impossible to control the number of private car drivers in a long term. It is not suitable for everyone who need to travel because this method will affect the price of public transportation. However, there are many other effective measures to solve the problem.

  step3:对比+分析(可以逐句分析)

  考官:While it is undeniable that private car use is one of the main causes of the increase in traffic and pollution, higher fuel costs are unlikely to limit the number of drivers for long.

  我:Although one of the main reasons of traffic jam and pollution is the use of private cars, it is impossible to control the number of private car drivers in a long term.

  (1)语序——While it is undeniable that private car use is one of the main causes of the increase in traffic and pollution……

  (2)用词——although & while; impossible & unlikely; control & limit(更具体一些)

  (3)简洁——in a long term & for long

  ……

  是100留学为大家整理的剑桥雅思大作文启示录(剑8)。更多雅思备考内容,请继续关注100留学教育

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