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1. Nowadays, both scientists and tourists can go to remote natural environments such as the South Pole. Do you think the advantages of this development outweighthe disadvantages?
As remote natural places are expected to have plenty of mysteries and resources, there is a growing tendency that both scientists and tourists become involved and interested in setting foot in these spots. In my point of view, the advantages of this development overtake its drawbacks.
To begin with the first benefit, scientists who go to distant natural environments can help deal with an unprecedented resource problem, which can only be tackled by discovering and mining new resources in uncleared areas .These scientists often conduct ground investigation in these remote areas where natural resources, such as coal, oil, are abundant. For example, South pole is known as the container of huge coal and gas reserve. As a result, local resources can be exploited to cater for the use for all the human beings and thus solve some extreme resource urgency in the globe .
Furthermore, tourists traveling around these distant uncontaminated places may realize the fragility and purity of local environment and call for more people to protect its natural scenery.These places are usually out of pollution and are so breathtaking that people are deeply impressed and shocked. Thereafter, these tourists may launch awareness campaign to protect local environment of their own accord.For example, they may raise funds to plant more trees in case of destructive debris flow in local areas.
However, it should be noted that the more people go to these remote unspoiled places, the more harm people may cause to the local environment. Since they have to consume local resources to survive, like logging woods to make fire, these behaviors pose threat to local fragile ecosystem. Sometimes, they may even make such irretrievable mistakes, such as excessive development of resources, that local natural culture is at the edge of extinction. However, this irreparable destruction can be avoided provided that these people are educated decent behaviors before stepping in local land.
To sum up, it is advocated that scientists and tourists visiting these remote natural areas can help tap local natural resources potential and enable more people to have a clear perspective of local natural culture, on condition that they take proper measures and cause least harm to local ecosystem.
2. Some people argue that too much attention and too many resources have been given to the protection wild animals and birds. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Alarmingly, some improper human activities such as hunting rare animals or trapping some beneficial birds have been exerting a subtle impact on natural balance. There has been a heated debate over whether we spend too much resources on protecting wild animals and rare birds. As I see it, the government and every individual should make joint efforts to maintain the diversity of animals and birds. Protecting those wild animals equals to protecting ourselves.
First，biodiversity is one of human beings’ greatest assets，even tough some species are thriving，many others are endangered. A hard truth is that the disappearance of wild animals，especially endangered species，might trigger some problems. For example，the decrease of owl will lead to the multiplication of voles that are big eaters of crops. Likewise，wild animal trade，as a profit-making business，was once very active and even beyond control. Consequently，a great many species such as Tibetan antelopes or manchurian tigers cannot escape the destiny of being killed. However, biological diversity is a key factor in maintaining ecological balance.
Also, people’s innovative ideas can be greatly inspired by animals’ behaviors. By that I mean, some great contrivances could actually to owed to the observation of animal behaviors. From our life, it is easy to find out plenty of examples, human beings have created flippers to facilitate swimming through observing the attribute of frogs’ fins. Similarly, the invention of airplane helps people realize the dream of flying high in the sky, which could also be attributed to duplicating the birds, thereby, to protect various animals is to preserve our sources of creativity for our future generations.
Some people might argue that we need to resort to wild animals for delicious and nutritious foods. However, what I want to refute is that we have no reason to slaughter those innocent animals under the excuse of satisfying our stomach. Some people might also argue that we have more social problems that need to be given priority to，however，what I want to refute is that the protection of animals and resolving social problems are not mutually exclusive as long as the government can properly allocate financial budget.
In a nutshell, my stand is that animals and human beings should and could live in harmony with each other . Wild animals impose profound and beneficial impacts on us. Therefore, it is advisable to do our utmost to preserve animals and birds.