2018年12月8日雅思A类真题回忆及参考答案(附范文)

2019-09-05 11:43

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摘要:2018年12月8日的雅思考试早已完毕,当期雅思考试英语听力与阅读难度系数并不大,英语听力考了课程内容资询、校外活动、学术讨论等基本的话题讨论,英语听力內容和题型中多使用高频率的语汇。阅读文章考了澳大利亚的虫害难题、饮水净化器的创造发明、美国男人女人照顾小孩子的时间难题。小作文为较少见的混和图,大作文话题为社会发展类:大学的依据大学生考试成绩挑选文化教育群体的作法是不是有效。为大伙儿产生本次雅思考试的考试真题追忆的详尽內容。

2018128日的雅思考试早已完毕,当期雅思考试英语听力与阅读难度系数并不大,英语听力考了课程内容资询、校外活动、学术讨论等基本的话题讨论,英语听力內容和题型中多使用高频率的语汇。阅读文章考了澳大利亚的虫害难题、饮水净化器的创造发明、美国男人女人照顾小孩子的时间难题。小作文为较少见的混和图,大作文话题为社会发展类:大学的依据大学生考试成绩挑选文化教育群体的作法是不是有效。为大伙儿产生本次雅思考试的考试真题追忆的详尽內容。

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2018128日 雅思听力考题回忆


Section 1


场景:Cookery Course


题型:配对5 填空5


内容概述:本文介绍了一位男士咨询各国菜肴烹饪课程。顾问向她介绍了不同课程的具体细节,以及询问了男士信息。


配对5


1. B fully booked :意大利菜


2. D可在晚上上课:All


3. A for beginners泰国菜


4. C a discount:泰国菜


5. C taught by people from relevant country:法国菜


填空5


6. 客户姓名:Furness



7. 出生日期:16.10.1987


8. 地址:River Avenue


9. 联系方式:白天messages only


10. 支付方式:cash


Section 2


标题:School Activities


题型:单选题4+地图6


内容概述:本文介绍了学校课外活动需要。


单选4


11. A 招新教练的原因是interests has grown up


12. B parents需具备的能力,让学生enthusiastic


13. A parents要做的事情,参加upcoming events


14. A 如何获得uniform:需要deposit


地图


15. C


16. I


17. F


18. H


19. G


20. D


Section 3


场景:调查讨论 Whales Survey


题型:填空7+配对题3


内容概述:本文介绍了两个学生在讨论对于鲸鱼调查的相关细节,以及鲸鱼的特征。


填空7


21. watch times


22. 待补充state of sea: e.g. xx and choppy


23. state of weather


24. 100 meres


25. fishing boats


26. behavior


27. size


配对3


鲸鱼品种和特征配对


28. B 没有fins,表面有突起


29. C 没有fins,头是方的


30. A 大小是最大鲸鱼体型的四分之一


Section 4


标题:History of Salt


题型:填空10


内容概述: 本文介绍了盐的历史发展


填空10


31.salt is essential for health


32.English word salary


33.fresh meat was only available in October


34.当地人喜欢在forests 捕杀动物


35.diet of king


36.Beer consumption increased因为食物咸


37.basins in desert locations


38.salt from spring is more concentrated


39.shipping is more important


40.a natural means of transport


2018128日 雅思阅读考题回忆


Passage 1


题目:Australias cane toad problems


题型:无词库的summary 1-7 判断题 8-13


文章主旨:澳大利亚的某种害虫的幼虫啃食澳大利亚植物的根,为了解决的这种问题,澳大利亚从北美引入cane toad, 但事实证明cane

toad的引入却是一种失败,并没有能够解决问题反而霸占了越来越多的其他动物群fanua的栖息地。


题目待补充


Passage 2


题目:New filters promise water to millions


题型:14-19填空题 20-23 判断题24-26 单选题


文章主旨:此题为旧题重现。讲述Mr. Flynn偶然间发明的一种water filter,不仅便宜好用,而且还讲述了water

filter的制作过程。最后讲述Mr.Flynn并不想将这个发明申请专利,他认为大家都有权利使用他的这个发明。


文章结构:


A段:一项发明将清洁的水带进第三世界


B段:简单介绍滤水器的原理


C段:滤水器的制作过程


D段:滤水器没有技术限制


E段:利用便宜易得的牛粪材料的多孔性


F段:商业陶瓷过滤器的价格超过很多发展中国家的预算


G段:这款净水器能让发展中国家每个人都能喝上干净的水


Question 14-19


Complete the flow chart. using NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the Reading

Passage for each answer. Write your answers in boxes 14-19 on your answer

sheet.


Guide to Making Water Filters


Step one : combination of 14_______ and organic material, with sufficient


15_______ to create a thick mixture sun dried


Step two: pack 16 __________around the cylinders


place them in 17 which is as burning fuel for firing (maximum


temperature: 18________ ) filter being baked in under


19___________


Question 20-23


Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading

Passage 2? In boxes 20-23 on your answer sheet, write


20 It takes half an hour for the manure to reach 950 degrees


21 Clay was initially found to be unsuitable for pot making.


22 Coffee grounds are twice as effective as other materials


23 E-coli is the most difficult bacteria to combat.


Question 24-26


Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D


Write your answers in boxes 24-26 on your answer sheet.


24 When making the pot, the thickness of the wall A is large enough to let

the pathogens to pass


B varied according to the temperature of the fuel C should be the same as an

adult's forefinger.


D is not mentioned by Mr. Flynn.


25 what is true about the charity, it


A failed in searching the appropriate materials


B successfully manufacture a kiln based ceramic filter to be sold worldwide C

found that the local clay are good enough


D intended to help build a local filter production factory.


26 Mr. Flynn's design is purposely not being patented


A because he hopes it can be freely used around the world


B because he doesn't think the technology is perfect enough


C because there are some legal obstacles


D because the design has already been applied thoroughly.


参考答案:


14 clay


15 water


16 straw


17 cow manure


18 950 degrees


19 60 minites


20 FALSE


21 TRUE


22 NOT GIVEN


23 NOT GIVEN


24 C


25 D


26 A


Passage 3


题目: Who should look after babies in Britain


题型:27-32 段落匹配信息题 33-36 单选题 37-40 无词库的summary


文章主旨:


讲述某个专家做了一个关于babies的实验,发现男孩和女孩的思维方式不同,从而引发的一系列的研究以及调查关于男性和女性在看待照顾孩子的不同观点,最后给予展望目前男性表示陪产假时间太短,从而政府部门将会增加男性陪产假从而减轻女性在照顾孩子时的压力。


题目待补充


20181208日 雅思写作范文解析


小作文图1


The chart below shows the information about tourists from different regions

and countries going to a holiday resort in Australia.


下表显示了来自不同地区和国家的游客去澳大利亚度假的信息。


范文解析


小作文这次为饼图和表格的组合图,分段上最简单的可以采取一个图一段的方式进行写作,然后总结不要出现了遗漏。对于第一幅图建议数据全面覆盖的方式因其简单性,但是在第二幅上特别要注意的是数据的挑选描述,不能流水账式的写作,要突出其重点。最后注意文章的详略度,可以通过数据合并的方式进行。



小作文图2


This combination of a pie and a table demonstrates the percentages of foreign

visitors travelling to a tourist resort in Australia and specific information

regarding staying period, accommodation and main purposes in their trips.


这个饼图和表格的组合显示了前往澳大利亚旅游胜地的外国游客的百分比,以及关于停留时间、住宿和旅行主要目的的具体信息。


Overall, travelers to Australia are generally from Asia and Europe who like

the fanciest hotels for sightseeing compared with other people while US tourists

tend to have the longest vocation there.


总的来说,到澳大利亚旅游的游客一般来自亚洲和欧洲,与其他国家相比,他们更喜欢最豪华的观光酒店,而美国游客在澳大利亚的假期最长。


Seen from the pie, 37% of people paying visits to Australia are Asians whose

proportion is closely followed by that of European tourists (35%). However, one

fifth of them are from USA while only the remaining 10% belongs to other

regions.


从饼状图来看,37%的澳大利亚游客是亚洲人,其次是欧洲游客(35%)。然而,他们中的五分之一来自美国,只有剩下的10%来自其他地区。


Turning to the pie, US and European travelers spend about half a month in

this resort whereas those Asians stop for the shortest time with only a week.

For temporary residence, Asian and European people are conventional to choose 5

and 4-star hotels in a stark contrast with the casual lodging of camping

caravan. At the same time, sightseeing is the most prevalent aim for this

destination; however, citizens from US and other regions are for the sea to do

sunbathing, swimming and surfing.


说回饼图,美国和欧洲游客在这个度假胜地逗留了大约半个月,而亚洲游客停留的时间最短,只有一周。对于临时住宿,亚洲和欧洲人通常选择5星级和4星级的酒店,这与露营大篷车的临时住宿形成了鲜明的对比。同时,观光是这个目的地最普遍的目的;然而,来自美国和其他地区的公民则到海边做日光浴、游泳和冲浪。


范文原创自100留学老师Jeff. Lei


大作文


类型社会类


题目


Some people believe that schools should choose their students according to

their abilities.While other people think students with different abilities

should learn together.Discuss both views and give your own opinion.


一些人认为学校应该根据学生的能力来选择他们。而其他人认为不同能力的学生应该一起学习。讨论两种观点并给出你自己的观点。


范文解析


该题目是关于教育类双边讨论类话题。有些人认为学校应该根据学生的学术能力来选择学生,而另一些人认为不同能力的学生应该一起接受教育,让考生讨论两种观点并且给出自己的观点。第一种做法的优点是老师可以设置出更加有针对性的课程规划,从而提高授课效率,学生之间也可以通过竞争共同进步,从而保证升学率。第二种一起接受教育的方法可以保护弱势学生的自尊心,促进同学间的互助,交流,合作,课堂也更加丰富和有趣。


文章结构


P1:交代背景,引出两种观点;


P2:主体段,论证第一个观点的合理性,分班对学习成绩,课程设置,学校升学率的积极影响;


P3:主体段,论证第二个观点的合理性,合班能够保护学生的自尊心,培养沟通能力及合作精神;


P4:总结全文,表明个人立场。


高分话题表达


complacent 自满的


beyond their capability 超出能力


pedagogic strategies 教学方法


enroll in university 大学入学


exert detrimental impacts 产生有害影响


this is especially true of 尤其符合于


demotivated 失去动力的


contrarily 相反


integrated development 全面发展


contribute more positively to 有助于


高分结构


it is a truth universally acknowledged that 同位语从句


some wishing...other supporting... 非谓语动词


those in favor of 后置定语


the last result teachers want to see is that 强调句


our education is based on the belief that 同位语从句


more important is that 倒装形式


范文


It is a truth universally acknowledged that any one and every one has

different talents. When it comes to education, opinions differ as to whether

schoolchildren should be grouped based on their abilities, some wishing

intelligent students should be separated from ordinary ones, other supporting

equal education should be obtained by all the students.


每个人都有不同的才能,这是一条举世公认的真理。在教育方面,对于是否应该根据学生的能力来分组,不同的意见是,一些希望聪明的学生应该与普通学生分开,其他支持平等教育的学生应该得到所有的学生。


On the one hand, those in favor of streaming students generally believe that

this could improve the class efficiency and learning pace. In a mixed class,

higher-level students tend to feel complacent if the tasks set in class are

inappropriate for their level, but weaker students may also feel frustrated as

the tasks may be beyond their capability. As for teachers, it is more convenient

for them to choose appropriate materials, activities and pedagogic strategies

according to studentslevels. Consequently, teaching quality can be guaranteed

and a larger number of students could enroll in university.


一方面,那些赞成分流学生的人普遍认为这可以提高课堂效率和学习速度。在混合型课堂中,如果课堂上设置的任务与自己的水平不相称,高水平的学生往往会感到自满,但低水平的学生也可能会感到沮丧,因为这些任务可能超出了他们的能力。对于教师来说,根据学生的水平选择合适的教材、活动和教学策略更为方便。因此,教学质量可以得到保证,更多的学生可以进入大学。


On the other hand, others argue that this practice would definitely exert

detrimental impacts to studentsdignity. This is especially true of adolescents

who might feel inferior as it can be quite discouraging to be at the bottom of

the top grade. The last result teachers want to see is that their students are

demotivated from study, which is caused by streaming. Contrarily, students in

mixed-ability classes could learn from each other and develop their team spirit.

Advanced students can obtain satisfaction from helping lower-level classmates.

In fact, our education is based on the belief that each student could achieve

integrated development by developing not only academic capacity but also

personal qualities and social skills which can be contributed by mixed ability

teaching.


另一方面,另一些人认为这种做法肯定会对学生的尊严造成有害的影响。这对于那些可能感到低人一等的青少年来说尤其如此,因为在最高年级垫底是相当令人沮丧的。最后一个老师想看到的结果是他们的学生从学习中失去动力,这是流媒体造成的。而混合能力班的学生可以相互学习,培养团队精神。高三学生可以从帮助低年级同学中获得满足。事实上,我们的教育是基于这样一种信念,即每个学生不仅可以通过发展学术能力,而且可以通过混合能力教学来培养个人素质和社会技能,从而实现综合发展。


In conclusion, I personally believe that although streaming is more efficient

for students to acquire knowledge, more important is that students should learn

to co-operate, to share, and to develop social skills which play a more

essential role in their future development. Therefore, mixed-ability classes

contribute more positively to a child's psychological development.


综上所述,我个人认为,虽然流媒体对学生获取知识更有效,但更重要的是,学生应该学会合作、分享和发展社交技能,这在他们未来的发展中扮演着更重要的角色。因此,混合能力班对儿童心理发展的贡献更大。


范文原创自100留学老师Alice.Hua


以上就是2018128日场的雅思考试真题回忆相关参考答案,更多雅思考试真题回忆,请继续关注100留学雅思频道。



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