雅思写作怎么选择恰当的语法结构

2019-11-12 11:50

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摘要:雅思写作想取得高分要有一定的写作功底,从词汇、句型、语法到文章结构都必须写得很好。而语法常常是大家最头疼的一个点,想要写出一篇好作文,选择恰当的语法结构是非常重要的。

  雅思写作想取得高分要有一定的写作功底,从词汇、句型、语法到文章结构都必须写得很好。而语法常常是大家最头疼的一个点,想要写出一篇好作文,选择恰当的语法结构是非常重要的。

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  选择合适的语法结构可以使句子意思的表达更为精确和简练。虽然语法的多样性也很重要,但选择最恰当的语法结构仍然是更为重要的考虑因素。以下原则是在考虑选择何种语法结构时可以参考的原则:

  1.一个句子的主语和谓语动词应该能够反映句子中的最重要的意思。

  例如:Thesituation that resulted in my grandfather's not being able to study engineeringwas that his father needed help on the farm。

  从意思上来分析,上面这句话需要表达的重要的概念是“grandfather'snot being able to study”,而在表达这个概念时,原句用的主语是situation,谓语动词是was,不能强调需要表达的重点概念,可以改为下面这句话:

  Mygrandfather couldn't study engineering because his father needed help on thefarm。

  2.避免频繁使用“there be”结构

  例如下面的句子:Therewere 25 cows on the farm that my grandfather had to milk every day. It was hardwork for my grandfather。

  可以改为:Mygrandfather worked hard. He had to milk 25 cows on the farm every day。

  更简洁的句式为:Mygrandfather worked hard milking 25 cows daily。

  3.把从句改为短语或单词。

  例如:Dairycows were raised on the farm, which was located100 kilometers from the nearestuniversity and was in an area that was remote。

  简介的表达方式为:Thedairy farm was located in a remote area, 100 kilometers to the nearestuniversity。

  4.仅在需要强调宾语而不是主语的时候,才使用被动语态。

  例如:Inthe fall, not only did the cows have to be milked, but also the hay was mowedand stacked by my grandfather's family。

  本句不够简洁的原因是本句的重心应该是“忙碌的家庭-mygrandfather's family”,而使用了被动语态後,彷佛重心变成了cows和hay。下面的表达方式是主动语态,相对来说更简洁一些:

  Inthe fall, my grandfather's family not only milked the cow but also mowed andstacked the hay。

  5.用更为精确的一个动词来代替动词短语。

  例如:Mygrandfather didn't have time to stand around doing nothing with his schoolfriends。

  Standaround doing nothing其实可以用一个动词来表达,即loiter:

  Mygrandfather didn't have time to loiter with his school friends。

  6.有时两句话的信息经过组合完全可以用一句话来简练地表达。

  例如:Profitsfrom the farm were not large. Sometimes they were too small to meet theexpenses of running a farm. They were not sufficient to pay for a universitydegree。

  两句话的信息可以合并为下面这句更为简洁的句子:Profitsfrom the farm were sometimes too small to meet operational expenses, let alonepay for a university degree。

  以上就是雅思写作怎么选择恰当的语法结构的相关内容,希望可以帮助到各位考生的备考。

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