雅思写作考试中常见的语病分析

2020-03-23 14:51

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摘要:在雅思写作中,如果想要得到较为满意的分数,使用复杂句是一个必要的手段,但是复杂句用得不正确的话就会让句子变得很奇怪。小编为了方便的大家的备考,为此整理了雅思写作考试中常见的语病分析。

  在雅思写作中,如果想要得到较为满意的分数,使用复杂句是一个必要的手段,但是复杂句用得不正确的话就会让句子变得很奇怪。小编为了方便的大家的备考,为此整理了雅思写作考试中常见的语病分析。

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  1. 双谓语错句

  eg. For those under 26, there were 80% students study for career.

  There be句型属于双谓语错句高发句型,因为句中的be动词已经是谓语,而句子后面的动词通常是定语从句中的成分,故不能作为主句中的谓语。例句中同时出现了“were”和“study”,根据上面的分析,were应该是谓语,而study for career应该是定语从句,因此,例句应修正改成:

  For those under 26, there were 80% students who studied for career. 或者For those under 26, there were 80% students studying for career.

  2. 句子不完整

  eg. The most popular kind of transport was by road.

  句中主语是the most popular kind of transport,谓语动词(系动词)是was, 而by road按照语法应该是方式状语,此句缺乏表语。应改成:

  The most popular kind of transport was road.

  3. 主系表结构使用错误

  eg. We are impossible to make any progress without correcting the mistakes.

  此句的主干结构是:we are impossible“我们是不可能”,表意不对。这种表达在英语中对应的句型是:It is…for…to…, 所以应该改成:

  It is impossible for us to make any progress without correcting the mistakes.

  4. 情态动词后的动词原形和动名词的使用出错

  eg.Another point to be discussed is that more time spending on computers is harmful to children’s mental health.

  这种错误可能是笔误,在雅思作文中偶尔出现不至于扣分,但是通篇都是这样的错误,那么肯定是有影响的。

  “花更多时间在电脑上”这个动词短语作为主语应该要用动名词形式:

  Another point to be discussed is that spending more time on computers is harmful to children’s mental health.

  5. 标点符号用错

  eg. As far as I am concerned, people should take exercise and relax themselves on a weekly basis. Because it offers great opportunities to release their stress.

  Because引导的句子做原因状语从句,既然是从句,那么前面就不应该使用句号使其独立成句,而应该改成逗号,because首字母小写。

  6. 词性使用错误

  eg. One possible solution is using the new energy to instead of the traditional energy.

  Instead of是介词,而这里构成to do(不定式),只能用动词。因此,可改为:

  One possible solution is using the new energy to replace the traditional energy.

  7. 从句的误用和滥用

  eg. The reason why I assert it is necessary for government to provide better education and health care for rural areas because it can ensure all citizens to have access to them.

  “why…rural areas”在句中作the reason的定语,固定句式“the reason why…is that…”why引导的定语从句和that引导的表语从句连用,气势磅礴,这就是所谓的高分句型。

  eg. In this essay, I will discuss what those, who are two kinds of people in this topic, are how to think and how to choose. 实再迂回婉转,不知所云。

  以上就是雅思写作考试中常见的语病分析的相关内容,希望可以帮助到各位烤鸭的备考。

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